Infant CPR

Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (Infant)


Steps (DRABC)

D- Danger
  • Check for danger by looking, listening and thinking before acting
  • Ensure you, the patient and bystanders are safe


R -Response
  • Gently tap or tickle the sole of the infant ‘s feet to gain a response


A- Airway
  • Place the infant on a firm surface and open its airway using the head tilt chin lift
  • Do this by placing one hand on the forehead and tilting the head backwards gently while using your finger to lift the chin (DO NOT OVER EXTEND)


B – Breathing
  • Look, listen and feel for normal breathing for up to 10 seconds;
  • If the child is not breathing normally, ask someone to call 112 or 999 for an ambulance. If you are alone use the speaker function on your phone. If you need to leave to call for help, give two minutes of CPR before leaving



To administer CPR

  • Give 2 rescue breaths, do this by placing your lips over the infant/baby’s mouth and nose and blow steadily until the chest rises for 1 second and watch the chest fall (repeat)
  • Give 2 rescue breaths
  • Continue giving chest compressions and rescue breaths at a rate of 30:2 (30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute up to 1/3 of the infant’s chest using two fingers on the centre of the chest and pushing down vertically)
  • Do not over inflate the baby’s lungs

If an AED becomes available:

  • Open the AED
  • Follow the audio/visual instructions
  • If a shock is advised follow the instruction
  • Once the shock has been delivered resume CPR
  • If no shock is advised, continue CPR.